References on Glottidia


Adachi K., Kuramochi T., Kimura K. & S. Kumura, 2013. First extensive examination of genome size in Phylum Brachiopoda (lamp shells) collected from Japan. Journal of Shellfish Research, 32 (2), 539-541.

Anonyme, 1978. Preliminary biological report for the proposed Desoto site development. Rep. Texas Instr. Inc.,

Anonyme, 1978. Hydrobiological monitoring 1976-1978 Lower Peace River and Charlotte Harbor. Rep. Env. Qualit. Lab. Inc.,

Archbold N. W., 1981. Lingula (Lingulidae, Brachiopoda) from the Late Artinskian (Permian), Carnavon basin, Western Australia. Proc. Roy. Soc. Vict., 92, 169-180.

Ashworth J. H., 1915. On the larvae of Lingula and Pelagodiscus (Discinisca). Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburg, 51 (1), 45-69.

Avila-Serrano G.E., Flessa K.W., Téllez-Duarte M.A. & C.E. Cintra, 2006. Distribution of the intertidal macrofauna of the Colorado River Delta, northern Gulf of California, Mexico. Ciencias Marinas, 32 (4), 649-661.

Beecher C. E., 1892. Development of the Brachiopoda. Part II. Classification of the stages of growth and decline. Amer. J. Sci., (3) 44 (260), 133-155.

Bergen M., D. Cadien, A. Dalkey, D. E. Montagne, R. W. Smith, J. K. Stull,, 2000. R. G. Velarde & S. B. Weisberg, -. Assessment of benthic infaunal condition on the mainland shelf of Southern California. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 64, 421-434.

Bergen M., Weisberg S. B., Smith R. W., Cadien D. B., Dalkey A., Montagne D. E.,, 2001. Stull J. K., Velarde R. G. & J. A. Ranasinghe - Relationship between depth, sediment, latitude, and the structure of benthic infaunal assemblages on the mainland shelf of southern California. Mar. Biol., 138, 637-647.

Beyer H. G., 1886. A study of the structure of Lingula (Glottidia) pyramidata Stim. (Dall). Stud. biol. Lab. J. Hopkins Univ., 3, 227-265.

Biernat G. & A. Williams, 1970. Ultrastructure of the protegulum of some acrotretide brachiopoda. Palaeontology, 13 (3), 491-502.

Biernat G. & C. C. Emig, 1993. Anatomical distinctions of the Mesozoic lingulide brachiopods. Acta Palaeont. Pol., 38 (1/2), 1-20.

Bitner M. A., 1996. Brachiopods from the Eocene La Meseta Formation of Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Palaeontologia polonica, 55, 65-100.

Broderip W. J., 1833a. Descriptions of some new species of Cuvier's family of Brachiopoda. Proc. zool. Soc. London, 1, 124125, pl. 2223.

Broderip W.J., 1833b. Descriptions of some new species of Cuvier's family of Brachiopoda. Transactions of the zoological Society of London, 1, 141-144, pl. 2223..

Brooks W. K., 1878. The development of Lingula and the systematic position of the Brachiopoda. Res. Chesapeake Zool. Lab, Sci., 1878, 35-112.

Brooks W. K., 1879. The development of Lingula and the systematic position of the Brachiopoda. Ches. zool. Lab Sci. Rep., pp. 35-112.

Campbell M. R., Campbell D. C., Campbell L. D. & Portell R. W., 1997. Distribution and paleoecology of Glottidia inexpectans Olsson, 1914 (Brachiopoda: Lingulidae). Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 30 (3), 159-170.

Chuang S. H., 1964. On Glottidia inexpectans Olsson. J. Paleont., 38 (1), 153-155.

Chuang S. H., 1964. Glottidia glauca n. sp. from the Lower Clairbone of Texas. J. Paleont., 38 (1), 157-159.

Chuang S. H., 1964. The affinity of Lingula dumortieri Nyst with Glottidia. J. Paleontol., 38 (1), 155-157.

Chuang S. H., 1983. Brachiopoda. In: Reproductive biology of invertebrates, Eds Adiyodi K. G. & R. G. Adiyodi, Wiley, New York, vol. 1, pp. 571-584.

Chuang S. H., 1983. Brachiopoda. In: Reproductive biology of invertebrates, Eds Adiyodi K. G. & R. G. Adiyodi, Wiley, New-York, vol. 2, 517-530.

Chuang S. H., 1994. Brachiopoda. In: Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates, Eds Adiyodi K. G. & R. G. Adiyodi, In: Asexual propagation and reproductive strategies, Oxford & IBH Publishing, New Dehli, vol. VI, part B, 315-328.

Clarke F. W. & W. C. Wheeler, 1915. The composition of brachiopod shells. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. Washington, 1, 262-266.

Cohen B. L. & A. Weydmann, 2005. Molecular evidence that phoronids are a subtaxon of brachiopods (Brachiopoda: Phoronata) and that genetic divergence of metazoan phyla began long before the early Cambrian. Organisms, Diversity & Evolution, 5, 253-273.

Cohen B. L., Gawthrop A. B. & T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998. Molecular phylogeny of brachiopods and phoronids based on nuclear-encoded small subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, B 353, 2039-2061.

Cohen B. L., Holmer L. E. & C. Lüter, 2003. The brachiopod fold: a neglected body plan hypothesis. Palaeontology, 46 (1), 59-65.

Cooper G. A., 1954. Brachiopoda occuring in the Gulf of Mexico. In: Gulf of Mexico, its origin, waters and marine life. Fish. Bull. (Fish Wildl. Serv.), 89 (55), 363-365.

Cooper G. A., 1973. Brachiopods (Recent). Mem. Hourglass Cruis., 3 (3), 1-17.

Cooper G. A., 1977. Brachiopods from the Caribbean sea and adjacent waters. Stud. trop. Oceanogr., Miami, 14, 1-211.

Craig G. Y., 1952. A comparative study of the ecology and palaeoecology of Lingula. Trans. Edinb. Geol. Soc., 15, 110-120.

Culter J. M., 1979. A population study of the inarticulate brachiopod Glottidia pyramidata (Stimpson). M. Sci. Thesis, Univ. S. Florida, Tampa, 53 pp.

Culter J. M., 1980. The occurence of hermaphrodites of the inarticulate brachiopod Glottidia pyramidata. Fla. Sci., 43 (suppl. 1), 20.

Culter J. M. & J. L. Simon, 1987. Sex ratios and the occurrence of hermaphrodites in the inarticulate brachiopod Glottidia pyramidata (Stimpson) in Tampa Bay, Florida. Bull. mar. Sci., 40 (2), 193-197.

Cusak M. & A. Alwyn, 1996. Chemico-structural degradation of Carboniferous lingulid shells. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London B, 351, 33-49.

Cusak M., Williams A. & J. O. Buckman, 1999. Chemico-structural evolution of linguloid brachiopod shells. Palaeontology, 42 (5), 799-840.

Dall W. H., 1870. A revision of the Terebratulidæ and Lingulidæ, with remarks and descriptions of some Recent forms. Amer. J. Conchol., 6 (1), 88-168, pl. 6-8

Dall W. H., 1871. Report on the Brachiopoda obtained by the United States Coast Survey Expedition in charge of L.F. Pourtales, with a revision of the Craniidæ and Discinidæ. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard Univ., 3 (1), 1-45, 2 pl.

Dall W. H., 1889. Preliminary report on the collection of Mollusca and Brachiopoda obtained in 1887-'88. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 12 (773), 219-362.

Dall W. H., 1921. Annotated list of the Recent Brachiopoda in the Collection of the United States National Museum, with descriptions of thirty-three new forms. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 57 (2314), 261-377.

Damour A., 1863. Sur divers fossiles trouvés par M. Payen aux environs de la Basse-Terre (Guadeloupe). Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, (2e sér.), 20, 474-475.

Davidson T., 1886. A monograph of the Recent Brachiopoda (1886-1888). Part I. p. 1-74, Pl. 1-13 (1886). Part II. p. 75-182, Pl. 14-25(1887). Part III. p. 183-248, Pl. 26-30 (1888). Trans. linn. Soc. London, (2)4 (Zool.), 1-248, Pl. 1-30.

Davidson T., 1888. A monograph of the Recent Brachiopoda. Part III. pp. 183-248, Pl. 26-30 (1888). Trans. linn. Soc. London, (2)4 (Zool.), 205-230.

De Haro A., 1963. Morphological and phylogenetic considerations on Brachiopoda based on anatomical studies about shell and body-wall formations. 16th Congr. Zool., Washington, 1, 46.

Dexter D. M., 1983. Soft bottom infaunal communities in Mission Bay. Calif. Fish Game, 69 (1), 5-17.

Dittmann S. & J. A. Vargas, 2001. Tropical tidal flat benthos compared between Australia and Central America. Ecological Comparisons of Sedimentary Shores. Ecological Studies, 151, 275-293.

Dolah R. F. van, D. M. Knott, E. L. Wenner, T. D. Mathews & M. P. Katuna, 1984. Benthic studies and sedimentological studies of the Georgetown ocean dredged material disposal site. Techn. Rep., S. C. mar. Resource Cent., 59, 1-97.

Dolah R. F. van, D. R. Calder & D. M. Knott, 1983. Assessment of the benthic macrofauna in an ocean disposal area near Charleston, South Carolina. Techn. Rep. S. C. mar. Resourc. Cent., 56, 1-97.

Dörjes J., 19**. Marine macrobenthic communities of the Sapelo island, Georgia region. In: Ecology of marine benthos, Ed. Coull B. C., Univ. S. Carolina Press, Columbia, pp. 399-421.

Dörjes J., 1972. Georgia coastal region, Sapelo island, USA : sedimentology and biology. VII. Distribution and zonation of macrobenthic animals. Senckenb. marit., 4, 183-216.

Dörjes J., 1972. Georgia coastal region, Sapelo Island, U. S. A.: Sedimentology and biology. VII. Distribution and zonation of macrobenthic animals. Senckenb. marit., 4, 183-216.

Doumen C. & W. R. Ellington, 1987. Isolation and characterization of a taurine specific opine deshydrogenase from the pedicles of the brachiopod, Glottidea pyramidata. J. exp. Zool., 243 (1), 25-31.

Dulai A., 2013. Sporadic Miocene brachiopods in the Naturalis Biodiversity Center (Leiden, the Neth- erlands): Records from the Mediterranean, the North Sea, and the Atlantic Ocean. Fragmenta Palaeontologica Hungarica, 30, 15-51.

Emig C. C., 1977. Réflexions sur la taxonomie des espèces du genre Lingula (Brachiopodes, Inarticulés). C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 285, 523-525.

Emig C. C., 1982. Terrier et position des Lingules (Brachiopodes, Inarticulés). Bull. Soc. zool. Fr., 107 (2), 185-194.

Emig C. C., 1983. Taxonomie du genre Glottidia (Brachiopodes Inarticulés). Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. nat. Paris, (4) 5 (Sect.4) (2), 469-489.

Emig C. C., 1983. Sur les relations du panchronisme avec les conditions écologiques : le cas des Lingules (Brachiopode, Inarticulés). Bull. Soc. zool. Fr., 108 (4), 558-561.

Emig C. C., 1984. Importance du sédiment dans la distribution des Lingules (Brachiopodes, Inarticulés). Lethaia, 17, 115-123.

Emig C. C., 1984. Pourquoi les Lingules (Brachiopodes, Inarticulés) ont survécu à la transition Secondaire-Tertiaire. Bull. Comm. Trav. hist. sci., Sect. Sci., 6, 87-94.

Emig C. C., 1986. Conditions de fossilisation du genre Lingula (Brachiopoda) et implications paléoécologiques. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimat. Palaeoecol., 53, 245-253.

Emig C. C., 1989. Exemples de dégradation post-mortem des coquilles de Brachiopodes actuels et conséquences paléoécologiques. In: El estudio de la forma orgánica, V Jorn. Paleont. Soc. esp. Paleont., Valencia 1989, Serv. Publ. Univ. Valencia, p. 43-44.

Emig C. C., 1990. Examples of post-mortality alteration in Recent brachipod shells and (paleo) ecological consequences. Mar. Biol., 104, 233-238.

Emig C. C., 1991. Tipos de disgregación post mortem de la concha en braquiópodos actuales. Rev. Esp. Paleont., N° Extraord., 95-100.

Emig C. C., 1993. Lingulid brachiopods: example or model? 1st Eur. Cong. Paleont., Lyon 1993, p. 39.

Emig C. C., 1997. Ecology of the inarticulated brachiopods. In: R. L. Kaesler, ed. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part H. Brachiopoda. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas. Boulder, Colorado, and Lawrence, Kansas, Vol. 1, pp.473-495.

Emig C. C., 1997. Biogeography of the inarticulated brachiopods. In: R. L. Kaesler, ed. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part H. Brachiopoda. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas. Boulder, Colorado, and Lawrence, Kansas, vol. 1, pp. 497-502.

Emig C. C., 2000. Les Lingules (brachiopodes) sont-elles vraiment des fossiles vivants ?

Emig C. C., 2003. Inarticulata (Nonarticulate lampshells). Grzimek's Animal life Encyclopedia, (ed. 2) vol. 2, 515-519.

Emig C. C., 2003. Proof that Lingula (Brachiopoda) is not a living-fossil, and emended diagnoses of the Family Lingulidae. Carnets de Géologie/Notebooks on Geology, Letter 2003/01 (CG2003_L01_CCE), 8 p., 7 fig., 1 t

Emig C. C., 2007. Lingulida. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 10th Edition, p. 71-72.

Emig C. C., 2009. Part IV. Chapter 35. Brachiopods. In: Marine Biodiversity of Costa Rica, Central America. Wehrtmann I. S. & J. Cortés (eds.). et CD-Species List 35.1 et 35.2, p. 389-391. CD-Rom 500 p. Monographiae Biologicae, 86, 417-420. Springer Verlag, Berlin, 538 p.

Emig C. C. & F. Alvarez, 1990. Procesos tafonómicos de alteración en braquiópodos actuales. Com. Reunión Tafonomía y Fosilización, Madrid 1990, pp. 81-86.

Emig C. C. & J. A. Vargas, 1990. Notes on Glottidia audebarti (Broderip) (Brachiopoda, Lingulidae) from the Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. trop., 38 (2A), 251-258.

Emig C. C. & M. A. Bitner, 2005. Glottidia (Brachiopoda: Lingulidae) from the Eocene La Meseta Formation, Seymour Island, Antarctica. Palaeontology, 48 (2), 1-9.

Emig C. C., J. C. Gall, D. Pajaud & J. C. Plaziat, 1978. Réflexions critiques sur l'écologie et la systématique des Lingules actuelles et fossiles. Géobios, 11 (5), 573-609.

Erber A., D. Riemer, M. Bovenschulte & K. Weber, 1998. Molecular Phylogeny of Metazoan Intermediate Filament Proteins. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 47, (6), 751-762.

Figueras A. & S. Martinez, 1995. Nueva especie de Glottidia (Brachiopoda, Lingulidae) del Mioceno (Formación Camacho) de Uruguay. Ameghiniana, 32 (4), 385-390.

Forchiellii A., Steiner M., Hu S., Lüter C. & Keupp H., 2013. Taphonomy of the earliest Cambrian linguliform brachiopods. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 59 (1), 185-207.

Freeman G., 1994. The endocrine pathway responsible for oocyte maturation in inarticulate brachiopod Glottidia. Biol. Bull. (Woods-Hole), 186, 263-270.

Freeman G., 1995. Regional specification during embryogenesis in the inarticulate brachiopod Glottidia. Developmental Biology, 172, 15-36.

Freeman G., 1997. Evolutionary changes in developmental mechanisms in the absence of changes in cleavage pattern, fate maps, and mode of gastrulation in phosphatic brachiopods. Dev. Biol., 186, 265.

Freeman G., 2001. The developmental biology of brachiopods. Paleontological Society Papers, 7, 69-88.

Freeman G., 2007. A developmental basis for the Cambrian radiation. Zoological Science, 24 (2), 113-122.

Freeman G. & J.W. Lundelius, 1999. Changes in the timing of mantle formation and larval life history traits in linguliform and craniiform brachiopods. Lethaia, 32, 197-217.

Freeman G. & J.W. Lundelius, 2005. The transition from planktotrophy to lecithotrophy in larvae of Lower Palaeozoic Rhynchonelliform brachiopods. Lethaia, 38, 219-254.

Freeman G. & Lundelius J., 2008. Brachiopod larvae through time. Fossils and Strata, 54, 251-257.

Gaspard D., 2001. Représentativité des Brachiopodes de la Caraïbe du Crétacé à l'Actuel. 123e Congrès National des Sociétes historiques et scientifques (Antilles-Guyane, 1998), Histoire naturelle, p. 23-44.

Gilmour T. H. J., 1981. Food-collecting and waste-rejecting mechanisms in Glottidia pyramidata and the persistence of lingulacean brachiopods in the fossil record. Can. J. Zool., 59 (8), 1539-1547.

Goto R. & K. Endo, 2015. Genetic variations and species boundaries among the Pacific populations of Lingula. Permophiles, 61 (suppl. 1), 35-36.

Halanych K. M., 1998. Consideration for reconstructing metazoan history: signal, resolution, and hypothesis testing. Amer. Zool., 38, 929-941.

Halanych K. M. & Kocot K. M., 2014. Repurposed transcriptomic data facilitate discovery of innate immunity toll-like receptor (TLR) genes across Lophotrochozoa. Biological Bulletin, 227 (2), 201-209.

Hall J. R., 1975. Distribution and abundance of macroinvertebrates species of six phyla in Tampa Bay, Florida 1963-64 and 1969. Nat. mar. Fish. Serv., Data Rep., 100 (mar.), 505 pp.

Hammen C. S., 1977. Brachiopod metabolism and enzymes. Amer. Zool., 141-147.

Hammen C. S., 1983. Direct calorimetry of marine invertebrates entering anoxic states. J. exp. Biol., 228, 397-403.

Hammen C. S. & R. C. Bullock, 1991. Opine oxidoreductases in brachiopds, bryozoans, phoronids and molluscs. Biochem. System. Ecol., 19 (4), 263-269.

Hammen C. S. & S. C. Lum, 1966. Fumarate reductase and succinate dehydrogenase activities in bivalve mollusks and brachiopods. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 19, 775-781.

Hammen C. S. & S. C. Lum, 1977. Salinity tolerance and pedicle regeneration of Lingula. J. Paleont., 51 (3), 548-551.

Harper D. A. T. et al., 1993. Brachiopoda. In: The fossil record 2. Ed. M. J. Benton Chapman & Hall, London, pp. 427-462.

Harris J. E., 2003. , 2003. Distribution of gulf of Mexico sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus desotoi) in relation to environmental parameters and the distribution of benthic invertebrates in the Suwannee river estuary, Florida. M. Sc Thesis, Graduate School, University of Florida, 110 pp.

Hay-Schmidt A., 1992. Ultrastructure and immunocytochemistry of the nervous system of the larvae of Lingula anatina and Glottidia sp. (Brachiopoda). Zoomorphology, 112, 189-205.

Hay-Schmidt A., 2000. The evolution of the serotonergic nervous system. Proc. R. Soc. London, 267, 1071-1079.

Helmcke J. G., 1939. Ordnung der Tentaculata : Brachiopoda. In: Handbuch der Zoologie, Eds Krumbach W. & T. Kukenthal, W. de Gruyter, Berlin, 3 (2), 139-262.

Hewitt R. A., 1980. Microstructural contrasts between some sedimentary francolites. J. geol. Soc. London, 137 (6), 661-667.

Hochberg F. G., 1996. Brachiopoda. p. 1-74. In: Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, vol. 14, Miscellaneous Taxa, 305 pp.

Iwata K., 1982. Ultrastructure and calcification of the shells in inarticulate brachiopods. Part 2. Ultrastructure of the shells of Glottidia and Discinisca (in Japanese). J. geol. Soc. Japan, 88 (12), 957-966.

James M. A., 1997. Brachiopoda: Internal Anatomy, Embryology, and Development. Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates, Wiley-Liss, New-York, 13, 297-407.

Jeuniaux C., 1982. Composition chimique comparée des formations squelettiques chez les Lophophoriens et les Endoproctes. Bull. Soc. zool. Fr., 107 (2), 233-249.

Jones G. J. & J. L. Barnard, 1963. The distribution and abundance of the inarticulate brachiopod Glottidia albida (Hinds) on the mainland of Southern California. Pacif. Natur., 4 (2), 27-52.

Kenchington R. A. & L. S. Hammond, 1978. Population structure, growth and distribution of Lingula anatina (Brachiopoda) in Queensland, Australia. J. Zool. London, 184, 63-81.

Kocsis L, Dulai A, Bitner M. A., Vennemann T. & M. Cooper, 2012. Geochemical compositions of Neogene phosphatic brachiopods: Implications for ancient environmental and marine conditions. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 326–328, 66-77.

Kowalevski M., Dryreson E., Marcot J.D., Vargas J.A., Flessa K.W. & D.P. Hallman, 1997. Phenetic discrimination of biometric simpletons: paleobiological implications of morphospecies in the lingulide brachiopod Glottidia. Paleobiology, 23 (4), 444-469.

Kowalewski M., 1996. Taphonomy of a living fossil: the lingulide brachiopod Glottidia palmeri Dall from Baja California, Mexico. Palaios, 11, 244-265

Kowalewski M. & K. W. Flessa, 2000. Seasonal predation by migratory shorebirds recorded in shells of lingulid brachiopods from Baja California, Mexico. Bull. Mar. Sci., 66 (2), 405-416.

Kowalewski M. & K. W. Flessa, 1994. A predatory drillhole in Glottidia palmeri Dall (Brachiopoda; Lingulidae) from recent tidal flats of northeastern Baja California, Mexico. J. Paleont., 68 (6), 1403-1405.

Kowalewski M. & K. W. Flessa, 1996. Improving with age: The fossil record of lingulide brachiopods and the nature of taphonomic megabiases. Geology, 24 (11), 977-980.

Kowalewski M. & T. M. Demko, 1996. Trace fossils and population paleoecology: comparative analysis of size-frequency distributions derived from burrows. Lethaia, 29 (2),

Kowalewski M., Batten J. & D. Hallam, 1994. Taphonomy of a living fossil: the lingulid brachiopod Glotrtidia palmeri, from the intertidal of the Colorado Delta, Mexico. Geol. Soc. Amer., Abstracts (Boulder), 26 (7), A297.

Kowalewski M., Batten J. & K. W. Flessa, 1994. Predation events in shells of a recent brachiopod Glottidia palmeri (Baja california, Mexico): ecologic and paleoecologic implications. 29th Eur. mar. Biol. Symp., Vienne 1994, 1 p.

Kowalewski M., Flessa K. W. & J. D. Marcot, 1997. Predatory scars in the shells of a recent lingulide brachiopod: paleontological and ecological implications. Acta Palaeont. Polonica, 42 (4), 497-532.

Kowalewski M., Marcot J. D., Vargas J. A. E. Dyreson, 1996. Biometric boredom in the genus Glottidia (Brachiopoda): implications for the fossil record of lingulide diversity. Paleontol. Soc. Spec. Publ., 8, p. 220.

Kowalewski M., Marcot J., Flessa K. W. & J. A. Batten, 1996. Predatory scars in shells of the recent lingulide brachiopod Glottidia palmeri: Behavioral, ecological and environmental implications. Paleontol. Soc. Spec. Publ., 8, p. 219.

Kuzmina T. V. & V. V. Malakhov, 2007. Structure of the brachiopod lophophore. Paleontological Journal, 41 (5), 520-536.

Lauckner G., 1980. Diseases of Tentaculata. Diseases of marine animals, vol. 1, 256-259.

Lecuyer C., P. Grandjean & C. C. Emig, 1996. Determination of oxygen isotope fractionation between water and phosphate from living lingulids: potential application to palaeoenvironmental studies. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimat. Palaeoecol., 126 (1-2), 101-108.

LeGeros R. Z., C. M. Pan, S. Suga & N. Watabe, 1985. Crystallo-chemical properties of apatite in Atremate brachiopod shells. Calcif. Tissus int., 37, 98-100.

Logan A., 1990. Recent brachiopoda from the Snellius and Luymes Expeditions to the Surinam-Guyana shelf, Bonaire-Curaçao, and Saba bank, Caribbean sea, 1966 and 1969-1972. Zool. Mededelingen, Leiden, 63 (11), 123-136.

Long J. A. & S. A. Stricker, 1989. Brachiopoda. Reproduction of Invertebrates, vol. 6, **.

MacKay S. & R. A. Hewitt, 1978. Ultrastructural studies on the brachiopod pedicle. Lethaia, 11, 331-339.

Mattox N. T., 1955. Observations on the brachiopod communities near Santa Catalina Island. In: Essays in the natural sciences in honour of Captain Allan Hancock, Los Angeles, Univ. Southern California Press, pp. 73-86.

McCrady J., 1860. On the Lingula pyramidata described by Mr. W. Stimpson. Amer. J. Sci. Arts, (2) 30, 157-158.

McGinitie G. & N. McGinitie, 1949. Brachiopoda. In: Natural history of marine animals, pp. 177-179.

Morse E. S., 1873. On the systematic position of the Brachiopoda. Proc. Boston Soc. nat. Hist., 15, 1-61.

Morse E. S., 1879. Note on the extension of the coiled arms in Rhynchonella. Amer. J. Sci. Arts, (3) 17, 257.

Morse E. S., 1902. Observations on living Brachiopoda. Mem Boston Soc. nat. Hist., 5 (8), 313-386.

Nemliher J. & I. Puura, 199*. Shell mineralogy of lingulate brachiopods from the east Baltic Cambrian-Ordovician "Obolus phosphorite". Report Series, Geol. Survey Denmark and Greenland, 12 pp.

Nemliher J. & I. Puura, 1996. Shell mineralogy of lingulate brachiopods from the east Baltic Cambrian-Ordovician "Obolus phosphorite". Denmarks og Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse, Rapport 1996, 98, 83-91.

Nielsen C., 1987. Structure ans function of Metazoan ciliary bands and their phylogenetic significance. Act. Zool. (Stockh.), 68 (4), 205-262.

Nielsen C., 1991. The development of the brachiopod Crania (Neocrania) anomala (O. F. Müller) and its phylogenetic significance. Acta zool. (Stockholm), 72 (1), 7-28.

Nyst P. H., 1843. Description des coquilles et des polypiers fossiles des terrains tertiaires de la Belgique. Mémoires Couronnés et Mémoires des savants étrangers de l'Académie Royale de Bruxelles, 17, 337-338 (676 pp., 48 tabl.

Owen E. F., 1980. Tertiary and Cretaceous brachiopods from Seymour, Cockburn and James Ross Islands, Antarctica. Bull. British Mus. nat. Hist. 33 (2), 123-145.

Owen R., 1835. Mémoire sur l'anatomie des Mollusques Brachiopodes (Cuv.) et plus spécialement des Térébratules et Orbicules. Ann. Sci. nat., (2) 3, 52-77.

Owen R., 1835. On the anatomy of the Brachiopoda of Cuvier, and more especially of the genera Terebratula and Orbicula. Trans. zool. Soc., 1, 145-164, pl. 22-23.

Œhlert D.-P., 1887. Appendice: Brachiopodes; notions sur l’anatomie et la physiologie des brachiopodes. In : Fischer P. (ed.), Manuel de conchyliologie et de paléontologie conchyliologique ou, Histoire naturelle des mollusques vivants et fossiles. Savy, Paris, p. 1189 à 1334, fig. 892-1138, pl. 15.

Paine R. T., 1962. Filter-feeding pattern and local distribution of the brachiopod Discinisca strigata. Biol. Bull., 123, 597-604.

Paine R. T., 1962. Ecological notes on a gymnophalline Metacercaria from the brachiopod Glottidia pyramidata. J. Parasitol., 48 (3), 509.

Paine R. T., 1963. Ecology of the brachiopod Glottidia pyramidata. Ecol. Monogr., 33, 187-213.

Paine R. T., 1970. The sediment occupied by Recent lingulid brachiopod annd some paleoecological implications. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimat. Palaeoecol., 7, 21-31.

Pajaud D., 1977. Choix et hiérarchisation des caractères taxinomiquers pour la reconnaissance des Lingules post-paléozoïques. Géobios, 10 (6), 961-965.

Pan C. M. & N. Watabe, 1988. Shell growth of Glottidia pyramidata Stimpson (Brachiopoda : Inarticulata). J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol., 119, 43-53.

Pan C. M. & N. Watabe, 1988. Uptake and transport of shell minerals in Glottidia pyramidata Stimlpson (Brachiopoda : Inarticulata). J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol., 118, 257-268.

Pan C.-M. & N. Watabe, 1989. Periostracum formation and shell regeneration in the lingulid Glottidia pyramidata (Brachiopoda: Inarticulata). Trans. Amer. miscrosc. Soc., 108 (3), 283-298.

Passamaneck Y.& K. M. Halanych, 2006. Lophotrochozoan phylogeny assessed with LSU and SSU data: Evidence of lophophorate polyphyly. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 40 (1), 20-28.

Peng Y., G.R. Shi, Y. Gao, W. He & S. Shen, 2007. How and why did the Lingulidae (Brachiopoda) not only survive the end-Permian mass extinction but also thrive in its aftermath? Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, In Press, Available online 14 March 2007.

Pennington J.T. & S.A. Stricker., 2002. Phylum Brachiopoda. Chapter 41 in Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larval Forms, C. Young, M. Rice and M. Sewell (eds). Academic Press, London, p. 441-461.

Plaziat J. C., D. Pajaud, C. C. Emig & J. C. Gall, 1978. Environnements et distribution bathymétrique des Lingules actuelles; conséquences pour les interprétations paléogéographiques. Bull. Soc. géol. Fr., 20 (3), 309-314.

Popov L. Ye., 1992. The Cambrian radiation of brachiopods. pp. 399-423. In: Origin and early evolution of the Metazoa, Lipps J. H. & P. W. Signor (Eds), Plenum Press, New-York.

Puura I. & J. Nemliher, 1993. Shell mineralogy of recent and fossil lingulate brachiopods: differences caused by fossilization. Lund Publications in Geology, 109, p. 26.

Puura I. & J. Nemliher, 1999. Advances in skeletal apatite mineralogy. Folia Baeriana, Tartu, 7, 6 pp.

Puura I. & J. Nemliher, 2001. Chemico-structural differentiation of the organocalcitic shells. System. Ass. Sp. Vol. Ser., 63, 7-16.

Riisgård H. U. & Larsen P. S., 2010. Particle capture mechanisms in suspension-feeding invertebrates. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 418, 255-293.

Robertson J. D., 1989. Physiological constraints upon marine organisms. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinb., Earth Sci., 80, 225-234.

Rodland D. L., M. Kowalewski, D. L. Dettman, K. W. Flessa, V. Atudorei & Z. D. , 2003. Sharp * High-resolution analysis of d18O in the biogenic phosphate of modern and fossil lingulid brachiopods. Journal of Geology, 111, 441-453.

Rodland D. L., M. Kowalewski, D. L. Dettman, K. W. Flessa, V. Atudorei & Z. D. , 2003. Sharp, - . High-Resolution Analysis of d18O in the biogenic phosphate of modern and fossil lingulid brachiopods. Journal of Geology, 111, 441-453.

Rudwick M. J. S., 1970. Living and fossil brachiopods. Hutchinson Univ. Libr., London, 199 pp.

Santagata S., 2015. Brachiopoda. In : Wanniger A. (ed.) Evolutionary developmental biology of invertebrates 2, Lophotrochozoa (Spiralia). Springer, p. 263-278.

Santagata S. & J. W. Tunnell, 2009. Brachiopoda of the Gulf of Mexico. In: Felder D.L. & D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Texas A&M Press, College Station, USA, p. 1137–1141.

Savazzi E., 1986. Burrowing sculpture and life habits in Paleozoic lingulacean brachiopods. Paleobiology, 12 (1), 46-63.

Savazzi E., 1991. Burrowing in the inarticulate brachiopod Lingula anatina. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimat. Palaeoecol., 85, 101-106.

Schaeffer C., 1926. Untersuchungen zur vergleichenden Anatomie und Histologie der Brachiopoden-Gattung Lingula. Act. Zool., Stockholm, 7, 329-402.

Simon J. L. & D. M. Dauer, 1972. A quantitative evaluation of red-tide induced mass mortalities of benthic invertebrates in Tampa Bay, Florida. Envir. Lett., 3 (4), 229-234.

Simon J. L. & D. M. Dauer, 1977. Reestablishment of a benthic community following natural defaunation. Mar. Sci., 6, 139-154.

Smith D. L., 1977. Phylum Brachiopoda. In: A guide to marine coastal plankton and marine invertebrate larvae. Kendall/Hunt Publ. Co, USA, pp.72-73.

Sperling E.A., Pisani D. & Peterson K.J., 2011. Molecular paleobiological insights into the origin of the Brachiopoda. Evolution & Development, 13 (3), 290-303.

Stimpson W., 1860. A trip to Beaufort, N. Carolina. Amer. J. Sci. Arts, 29, 442-445.

Strathmann R. R., 2005. Ciliary sieving and active ciliary response in capture of particles by suspension-feeding brachiopod larvae. Acta Zoologica, 86 (1), 41-54.

Suess E., 1859. Über die Wohnsitze der Brachiopoden. I. Abschnitt Sitzungsberichte der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch- Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, 37, 185-248.

Sumkiss K. & K. M. Wilbur, 1989. Brachiopods - Fluorapatite and calcareous shells. In: Biomineralization, Acad. Press, San Diego, pp. 261-273. (pp. Total 337)

Sykes J. E., 1967. Report of the Bureau of commercial fisheries, biological Laboratory, St. Petersburg beach, Florida, fiscal year 1966. US Dept Interior, Circ. 257, Washington, 18 pp.

Sykes J. E., 1968. Report of the Bureau of commercial fisheries, biological Laboratory, St. Petersburg beach, Florida, fiscal year 1967. US Dept Interior, Circ. 290, Washington, 18 pp.

Tambussi C. P., Acosta Hospitaleche C. I., Reguero M. A. & S. A. Marenssi, 2006. Late Eocene penguins from West Antarctica: systematics and biostratigraphy. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 258, 145-161.

Thayer C. W. & H. M. Steele-Petrovic, 1975. Burrowing of the lingulid brachiopod Glotidia pyramidata : its ecologic and paleoecologic significance. Lethaia, 8, 209-221.

Thomson J. A., 1927. Brachiopod morphology and genera (Recent and Tertiary). N. Z. Bd Sci. Art, Manual 7, 1-338, 2 pl.

Thomson M. R. A. & E. F. Owen, 1979. Lower Cretaceous brachiopoda from southeastern Alexander island. Br. Antarct. Surv. Bull., 48, 15-36.

Thomson M. R. A. & E. F. Owen, 1979. Lower Cretaceous brachiopoda from south-eastern Alexander Island. Br. Anarct. Surb. Bull., 48, 15-36.

Trueman E. R. & A. D. Ansell, 1969. The mechanism of burrowing into soft substrata by marine animals. Oceanogr. mar. biol. ann. Rev., 7, 315-366.

Ushatinskaya G. T., 2008. Origin and Dispersal of the Earliest Brachiopods. Paleontological Journal, 42 (8), )776-791.

Vargas J. A., 1987. The benthic community of an intertidal mud flat in the gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica. Description of the community. Rev. Biol. trop., 35 (2), 299-316.

Vargas J. A., 1988. Community structure of macrobenthos and the results of macropredator exclusion on a tropical intertidal mud flat. Rev. Biol. trop., 36 (2A), 287-308.

Vargas J. A. & M. Abdullah, 1997. Trace metals in Sipunculus nudus (Sipuncula) and Glottidia audebarti (Brachiopoda) from a tropical estuarine sand flat. Third International Ocean Pollution Symposium (3IOPS), Ft. Pierce, USA,, Abstracts, p. 76.

Watabe N. & C. M. Pan, 1984. Phophatic shell formation in atremate brachiopods. Amer. Zool., 24, 977-985.

Wells S. M., R. M. Pyles & N. M. Collins, 1983. Brachiopoda. In: The IUCN Invertebrate red data book, IUCN, Gland Swiss., pp. 533-538

Williams A., 1969. Some aspects of shell growth in the Brachiopoda. Proc. malacol. Soc., London, 38 (6), 544-545.

Williams A., 1977. Differentiation and growth of the brachiopod mantle. Amer. Zool., 17, 107-120.

Williams A., 1977. Differentiation and growth of the brachiopod mantle. Amer. Zool., 17 (1), 107-120.

Williams A., 1984. Lophophorates. In: Biology of the integument, Eds J. Bereiter-Hahn, A. G. Maltolsy & K. S. Richards, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Vol. 1 Invertebrates, pp. 728-

Williams A., 199*. Biomineralization in the Lophophorates. In: Skeletal biomineralization: Patterns and evolutionary trends, Ed. J. G. Carter, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New-York, Vol. 1, 67-82.

Williams A., 1997. Brachiopoda: Introduction and Integuments. Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates, Wiley-Liss, New-York, 13, 227-286.

Williams A. & L. E. Holmer, 1992. Ornamentation and shell structure of acrotretoid brachiopods. Paleontology, 35 (3), 657-692.

Williams A. & M. Cusak, 1999. Evolution of a rhythmic lamination in the organophosphatic shells of brachiopods. J. structural Biol., 126, 227-240.

Williams A. & S. Mackay, 1979. Differentiation of the brachiopod periostracum. Palaeontology, 22 (4), 721-736.

Williams A., Cohen B. L., Cusak M. & S. L. Long, 2000. Provenance of Atlantic lingulid brachiopods. Palaeontology, 43 (6), 999-1018.

Yang S., Lai X., Sheng G. & S. Wang , 2013. Deep genetic divergence within a ‘‘living fossil’’ brachiopod Lingula anatina. Journal of Paleontology, 87 (5), 902-908.

Yatsu N., 1902. On the development of Lingula anatina. J. Coll. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, 17 (4), 1-112.

Zabini C., Schiffbauer J.D., Xiao, S. & Kowalewski M., 2012. Biomineralization, taphonomy, and diagenesis of Paleozoic lingulide brachiopod shells preserved in silicified mudstone concretions. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 326 (8), 118-127.

Zezina O. N., 2008. Biogeography of the recent brachiopods. Paleontological Journal, 42 (8), 830-858.

Zimmer R. L., 19**. Phylum Brachiopoda. In: Lights Manual 'Intertidal Invertebrates of the Central California coast',

Zimmer R. L., 19**. Phylum Phoronida. Phylum Brachiopoda. In: Intertidal invertebrates of the Central California coast, Lights Manual, pp. 613-617.

Zimmer R. L., 1997. Phoronids, brachiopods, and bryozoans, the lophophorates. In: Gilbert S. F. & A. M. Raunio (eds), Embryology, constructing the organism. Sinauer Assoc. Sunderland, MA, pp. 279-305.