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This publication should be cited as :
Emig C. C., Roldán C. & J. M. Viéitez, 1999, 2006. The Phoronida from the European coasts.
The Phoronida from the European coasts


Christian C. EMIG 1, Carmen ROLDÁN 2 y José M. VIÉITEZ 3

1 Centre d'Océanologie, CNRS UMR 6540, Rue de la Batterie-des-Lions, 13007 Marseille (France)
2 Depto. de Biología Animal I, Facultad de Biología, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid (Spain)
3 Depto. de Biología Animal, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Alcalá, 28871 Alcalá de Henares (Spain)

From data of recent ecological surveys on the European biodiversity (in the EU and adjacent waters), mainly in the south of the Iberian Peninsula, the Chafarinas Islands and Canary Islands, the number of phoronid species occuring in the European waters increased to 9:



Species NE Atlantic Ocean ** Mediterranean Sea
Phoronis ovalis + +
Phoronis hippocrepia + +
Phoronis australis + +
Phoronis ijimai
Phoronis muelleri + +
Phoronis psammophila + +
Phoronis pallida + +
Phoronopsis albomaculata + +
Phoronopsis harmeri + +
Phoronopsis californica + +

  ** including adjacent seas; i.e. Channel, North, Baltic...

Thus, the Iberian Peninsula and the surrounding islands represent a privileged area as regards the phoronids because from the 10 valid described phoronid species, only Phoronis ijimai  has not been recorded (species presently restricted to the Pacific and NW Atlantic), while P. ovalis  has been cited on the French Mediterranean coast near the Spanish border.

Recent references

Emig C. C., García Carrascosa A. M., Roldán C. & J. M. Viétiez, 1999. The occurrence in the Chafarinas Islands (S.E. Alboran Sea, western Mediterranean) of four species of Phoronida (Lophophorata) and their distribution in the north-eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean areas. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 40 (2), 129-134.

Emig C. C., Roldán C. & J. M. Viéitez, 2000. Foronídeos del litoral luso-español. Boletin de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural (Sección Biología), 96 (1-2), 77-83.

Emig C. C., Roldán C. & J. M. Viéitez, 2005. Filo Phoronida. In: Fauna Ibérica, vol. 27. Museo de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC Madrid, p. 19-56 & 180-186 & 223-224.

July 1999 - updated in 2006 - "All reproduction is forbidden without the agreement of its authors"