References on Discinisca


Most of the author missed the genus Discardisca Cooper, 1977 and are using Discinisca including for fossil taxa. Consequently the classification of the Discinidae is confusion about the description and the identification of either genera and species.

See also in English Antarctic Brachiopods   and in French Brachiopodes de l'Antarctique

Andrew C., Howe P. & Paul C. R., 2012. The linguliform Discinisca in the Lower Jurassic Charmouth Mudstone Formation of Dorset and Alum Shale Member of Yorkshire. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 59, 125-132.

Århus N., Kelly S. R. A., Collins J. S. H. & M. R. Sandy, 1990. Systematic paleontology and biostratigraphy of two Early Cretaceous condensed sections from the Barents Sea. Polar Res., 8, 165-194.

Ashworth J. H., 1915. On the larvae of Lingula and Pelagodiscus (Discinisca). Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburg, 51 (1), 45-69.

Bäckström S. A. & J. Nagy, 1985. Depositional history and fauna of a Jurassic phosphorite conglomerate (the Brentskardhaugen bed) in Spitsbergen. Norsk Polarinst. Skrift., Oslo, 183, 5-47.

Bernard F. R., 1972. The living Brachiopoda of British Columbia. Syesis, 5, 73-82.

Bertolaso L., Borghi E. & D. Garca Ramos, 2009. Brachiopodi Neogenici e Pleistocenici dell’Emilia (Parte seconda). Parva Naturalia, Piacenza, **

Biernat G., 1995. A new Jurassic discinid brachiopod from Spitsbergen. Polish Polar Research, 16 (1-2), 37-46.

Biernat G., 1996. A new Jurassic discinid brachiopod from Spitsbergen. Polish Polar Research, 16(1-2), 37-46.

Bitner M. A., Jurkovsek B. & T. Kolar-Jurkovsek, 2010. New record of the inarticulate brachiopod genus Discinisca from the Upper Triassic (Carnian) of the Julian Alps, NW Slovenia. N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Abh., 257 (3), 367–372.

Blochmann F., 1900. Untersuchung über den Bau der Brachiopoden. II. Die Anatomie von Discinisca lamellosa Broderip und Lingula anatina Brugière. Bibl. Zool., Gustav Fischer, Jena, p. 69-124, Pl. 8-19.

Bulman O. M., 1939. Muscle systems of some inarticulate brachiopods. Geol. Mag., 76, 434-444.

Chuang S., 1997. The radial ridges of a Recent discinid (Inarticulata, Brachiopoda): their functional morphology and use in the identification of discinids. Bulletin of the National Museum of Natural Science (Taichung 10, 313-318.

Chuang S. H., 1973. The inarticulate brachiopod larvae of the International Indian Ocean Expedition. J. mar. biol. Ass. India, 15 (2), 538-544.

Chuang S. H., 1977. Larval development in Discinisca (inarticulate brachiopod). Amer. Zool., 17, 39-53.

Chuang S. H., 1983. Brachiopoda. In: Reproductive biology of invertebrates, Eds Adiyodi K. G. & R. G. Adiyodi, Wiley, New-York, vol. 2, 517-530.

Chuang S. H., 1983. Brachiopoda. In: Reproductive biology of invertebrates, Eds Adiyodi K. G. & R. G. Adiyodi, Wiley, New York, vol. 1, pp. 571-584.

Chuang S. H., 1994. Brachiopoda. In: Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates, Eds Adiyodi K. G. & R. G. Adiyodi, In: Asexual propagation and reproductive strategies, Oxford & IBH Publishing, New Dehli, vol. VI, part B, 315-328.

Clarke F. W. & W. C. Wheeler, 1915. The composition of brachiopod shells. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. Washington, 1, 262-266.

Cohen B. L. & A. Weydmann, 2005. Molecular evidence that phoronids are a subtaxon of brachiopods (Brachiopoda: Phoronata) and that genetic divergence of metazoan phyla began long before the early Cambrian. Organisms, Diversity & Evolution, 5, 253-273.

Cohen B. L., Gawthrop A. B. & T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998. Molecular phylogeny of brachiopods and phoronids based on nuclear-encoded small subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, B 353, 2039-2061.

Cooper G. A., 1969. Generic characters of brachiopods. Proc. N. Amer. Paleont. Convention, part C, 194-263.

Cooper G. A., 1973. New Brachiopoda from the Indian Ocean. Smiths. Contr. Paleobiol., 16, 1-43, 8 pl.

Cooper G. A., 1982. New brachiopoda from the Southern hemisphere and Cryoptopora from Oregon (Recent). Smiths. Contr. Paleobiol., 41, 1-43, 7 pls.

Dall W. H., 1871. Report on the Brachiopoda obtained by the United States Coast Survey Expedition in charge of L.F. Pourtales, with a revision of the Craniidæ and Discinidæ. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard Univ., 3 (1), 1-45, 2 pl.

Dall W. H., 1908. Reports on the dredging operations off the West coast of Central America to the Galapagos, to the West coast of Mexico, and the Gulf of California, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, carried on by the U. S. Fish Commission steamer "Albatross" during 1891, Lieut. Commander Z. L. Tanner, U. S. N., Commanding, XXXVIII, and Reports on the scientific results of the Expedition to the Eastern tropical Pacific in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U. S. Fish Commission steamer "Albatross" from October 1904, to March 1905, Lieut. Commander L. M. Garrett, U. S. N., Commanding, XIV. Reports on the Mollusca and Brachiopoda. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool., Harvard Coll., 43 (6), 205-477, 22 pl.

Dall W. H., 1908. Reports on the Mollusca and the Brachiopoda. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard Univ., 43 (6), 205-487, 22 pl.

Dall W. H., 1921. Annotated list of the Recent Brachiopoda in the Collection of the United States National Museum, with descriptions of thirty-three new forms. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 57 (2314), 261-377.

Davidson T., 1886. A monograph of the Recent Brachiopoda (1886-1888). Part I. p. 1-74, Pl. 1-13 (1886). Part II. p. 75-182, Pl. 14-25(1887). Part III. p. 183-248, Pl. 26-30 (1888). Trans. linn. Soc. London, (2)4 (Zool.), 1-248, Pl. 1-30.

Davidson T., 1853. British fossil Brachiopoda. Palaeont. Soc., London, vol. 1, 136 pp.

Drozdov A.L., Vinnikova V.V. , Zezina O.N. & S.A. Tyurina, 2012. Morphology of gametes of mollusks, echinoderms, and brachiopods in systematics and phylogeny. Paleontological Journal, 46 (8), 936-944.

Dulai A. & M. Stachacz, 2011. New Middle Miocene Argyrotheca (Brachiopoda; Megathyrididae) species from the Central Paratethys. Földtani Közlöny, 141 (3), 283–291.

Eichler P., 1911. Die Brachiopoden der Deutsche Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903. Dtsch. Südpolar-Exp. 1901-1903, 12 (Zool. 4)(4), 381-401.

Emig C. C., 2003. Inarticulata (Nonarticulate lampshells). Grzimek's Animal life Encyclopedia, (ed. 2) vol. 2, 515-519.

Fagetti E. G., 1964. Nota sobre larvas de brachiopoda Discinidae de la costa chilena. Montemar, 11 (4), 195-200.

Figueiras A., 1980. Los Braquiopodos fosiles del Urugay, comminicacion preliminar sobre los Braquiopodos del Terciaro. Res. Jorn. Cienc. nat., Montevideo, 1, 89-90.

Freeman G., 1997. Evolutionary changes in developmental mechanisms in the absence of changes in cleavage pattern, fate maps, and mode of gastrulation in phosphatic brachiopods. Dev. Biol., 186, 265.

Freeman G., 1999. Regional specification during embryogenesis in the inarticulate brachiopod Discinisca. Developmental Biology, 209 (2), 321-339.

Freeman G., 2001. The developmental biology of brachiopods. Paleontological Society Papers, 7, 69-88.

Freeman G., 2007. A developmental basis for the Cambrian radiation. Zoological Science, 24 (2), 113-122.

Freeman G. & J.W. Lundelius, 1999. Changes in the timing of mantle formation and larval life history traits in linguliform and craniiform brachiopods. Lethaia, 32, 197-217.

Freeman G. & Lundelius J., 2008. Brachiopod larvae through time. Fossils and Strata, 54, 251-257.

Gaspard D., 1978. Biominéralisation chez les Brachiopodes articulés. Microstructure et formation de la coquille. Ann. Paléont. (Invert.), 64 (1), 1-25.

Gravely F. H., 1941. Shells and other animal remains found on the Madras beach. I. Groups other than snails, etc. Brachiopoda. Bull. Madras Gov. Mus., 5 (1), 21-22.

Greger D. K., 1914. On the retention of the original color ornementation in fossil brachiopods. The Nautilus, 28 (8), 93-95.

Hammond L. S., 1980. The larvae of a discinid (Brachiopoda : Inarticulata) from inshore waters near Townsville, Australia, with revised identifications of previous records. J. nat. Hist., 14, 647-661.

Harper E., 1997. Discinisca stella (Gould, 1860): an intertidal inarticulate brachiopod from the Cape d'Aguilar Marine Reserve, Hong Kong. Morton B. [Eds]. In: The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China 4. Proceedings of the Eighth International Marine Biological Workshop, Hong Kong, 1995. Hong Kong Univ. Press (513 pp.), p. 235-247. Proc. Eighth Internat. Mar. Biol. Workshop, Hong Kong Univ. Press,235-247.

Hatai K., 1936. A preliminary note on the Tertiary brachiopod fauna of Japan. Proc. Imp. Acad., 12, 100-102.

Hatai K., 1936. Remarks on the loop of certain brachiopoda. Saito Mus. Res. Bull., 10, 219-229.

Hatai K., 1940. On some Recent brachiopoda from Seto, province Kii. Records of Oceanographic Works in Japan, 10 (2), 100-111.

Hatai K., 1940. The Cenozoic brachiopoda of Japan. Sci. Rep. Tôhoku Univ., (Geol.), 20, 1-413, pl. 1-12.

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Helmcke J. G., 1938. Die systematische Stellung der Discinidae (Brachiopoda). Zool. Anz., 123 (5/6), 113-123.

Helmcke J. G., 1939. Ordnung der Tentaculata : Brachiopoda. In: Handbuch der Zoologie, Eds Krumbach W. & T. Kukenthal, W. de Gruyter, Berlin, 3 (2), 139-262.

Hiller N., 1991. The southern African Recent brachiopod fauna. In: Brachiopods through time, MacKinnon D. I., Lee D. E. & J. D. Campbell Eds, Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 439-445.

Hiller N., 1993. A modern analogue of the Lower Ordovician Obolus conglomerate of Estonia. Geol. Mag., 130 (2), 265-267.

Hiller N., 1994. The environment, biogeography, and origin of the southern African recent brachiopod fauna. J. Paleont., 68 (4), 776-786.

Hodgson A. N. & A. A. Reunov, 1994. Ultrastructure of the spermatozoon and spematogenesis of the brachiopods Discinisca tenuis (Inarticulata) and Kraussina rubra (Articulata). Invertebrate Reprod. Develop. (Balaban), 25 (1), 23-31.

Holmer L. E., 1987. Discinacean brachiopods from the Ordivician Kullsberg and Boda limestone of Dalarna, Sweden. Geol. Fören. Stockholm Förhandl., 109 (4), 317-326.

Holmer L. E., 1989. Middle Ordovician phosphatic inarticulate brachiopods from Västergötland and Dalarna, Sweden. Fossil & Strata, 26, 1-172.

Hondt J. L. d', 1976. Sur quelques brachiopodes actuels (Océan Atlantique, Méditerranée, Kerguelen). Bull. Mus. Hist. nat. Paris, (Zool. 243) 350, 1-13.

Hondt J. L. d', 1987. Observations sur les Brachiopodes actuels de Nouvelle-Calédonie et d'autres localités de l'Indo-Pacifique. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. nat., Paris, sér.4, 9, sect.A (1), 33-46

Ikeda H. & T. Kuramochi, 1997. Brachiopods collected from Sagami Bay (in Japanese). ** 18, 39-44.

Iwata K., 1982. Ultrastructure and calcification of the shells in inarticulate brachiopods. Part 2. Ultrastructure of the shells of Glottidia and Discinisca (in Japanese). J. geol. Soc. Japan, 88 (12), 957-966.

James M. A., 1997. Brachiopoda: Internal Anatomy, Embryology, and Development. Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates, Wiley-Liss, New-York, 13, 297-407.

Jeuniaux C., 1978. Distribution and quantitative importance of chitin in animals. In: Chitin/Chitosan, Eds Mazarelli & Parisen, Proc. 1st int. Conf., Chitin/Chitosan, * 1978, pp. 5-10.

Jeuniaux C., 1982. Composition chimique comparée des formations squelettiques chez les Lophophoriens et les Endoproctes. Bull. Soc. zool. Fr., 107 (2), 233-249.

Kato M, 1996. The unique intertidal subterranean habitat and filtering system of a limpet like brachiopod, Discinisca sparselineata Canadian Journal of Zoology Revue Canadienne de Zoologie, 74 (11), 1983 1988

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Kuramochi T., 1999. A list of recent brachiopods from Japan and adjacent waters (in Japanese). Nankiseibutu, 41 (2), 155-158.

LaBarbera M., 1985. Mechanisms of spatial competition of Discinisca strigata (Inarticulata : Brachiopoda) in the intertidal of Panama. Biol. Bull., 168 (1), 91-105.

LaBarbera M., 1986. Brachiopod lophophores : functional diversity and scalling. In: les Brachiopodes fossiles et actuels, Racheboeuf P. R. & C. Emig Eds, Actes du 1er Congrès international sur les Brachiopodes, Brest, 1986. Biostratigr. Paléozoïque, 4, 313-322.

Lee D. E., 1986. Paleoecology and biogeography of the New Zealand Paleogene brachiopod fauna.In: les Brachiopodes fossiles et actuels, Racheboeuf P. R. & C. Emig Eds, Actes du 1er Congrès international sur les Brachiopodes, Brest, 1986. Biostratigr. Paléozoïque, 4, 477-484.

Lee D. E., 1987. Cenozoic and Recent Inarticulate brachiopods of New Zealand: Discina, Pelagodiscus and Neocrania. J. Roy. Soc. N. Z., 17 (1), 49-72.

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Long J. A. & S. A. Stricker, 1989. Brachiopoda. Reproduction of Invertebrates, vol. 6, **.

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Muir-Wood H. M., 1939. Four species of Discina (Brachiopoda) from the Eocene of the Hampshire Basin. Proc. Geol. Ass., 50 (2), 149-158.

Nemliher J., 1999. Mineralogy of Phanerozoic skeletal aned sedimentary apatites: an XRD study. Diss. Geol. Univ. Tartu., 8, 134 pp.

Nemliher J. & I. Puura, 1996. Shell mineralogy of lingulate brachiopods from the east Baltic Cambrian-Ordovician "Obolus phosphorite". Denmarks og Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse, Rapport 1996, 98, 83-91.

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