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SubDIVISIONS des BRACHIOPODA à partir des Familles

Classification établie selon le Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology   Part H Brachiopoda (revised)

SubDIVISIONS OF THE BRACHIOPODA from Families

Classification used in the Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology   Part H Brachiopoda (revised)


Mise à jour / Updated... May 29, 2009

Taxons ou périodes en couleur rouge indiquent des liens - Taxa or periods in red have links


LINGULIFORMEA (Sous-embranchement) (Lower Cambrian-Present)

  • Lingulata (Classe) (Lower Cambrian-Present)
    • LINGULIDA (Ordre) (Lower Cambrian-Present)
        • Linguloidea (super-famille) (Lower Cambrian-Present)
          • LINGULIDAE (famille) (?Upper Devonian, Carboniferous-Present)
          • PSEUDOLINGULIDAE
          • OBOLIDAE (Lower Cambrian - Lower Carboniferous)
          • EOOBOLIDAE
          • ZHANATELLIDAE
          • ELKANIIDAE
          • AULONOTRETIDAE
          • LINGULELLOTRETIDAE
          • LINGULASMATIDAE
          • PATERULIDAE
          • DYSORISTIDAE
          • UNCERTAIN

        • Discinoidea (Lower Ordovician-Present)
          • DISCINIDAE (Ordovician (?Tremadoc, Arenig)-Present)
          • TREMATIDAE
        • Acrotheloidea (Lower Cambrian-Lower Ordovician)
          • ACROTHELIDAE
          • BOTSFORDIIDAE
    • ACROTRETIDA (Lower Cambrian-Middle Devonian, ?Upper Devonian)
        • Acrotretoidea (Lower Cambrian-Middle Devonian, ?Upper Devonian)
          • ACROTRETIDAE
          • SCAPHELASMATIDAE
          • TORYNELASMATIDAE
          • EPHIPPELASMATIDAE
          • BIERNATIDAE
          • CERATRETIDAE
          • EOCONULIDAE
          • CURTICIIDAE
          • UNCERTAIN
    • SIPHONOTRETIDA (Middle Cambrian-Upper Ordovician)
        • Siphonotretoidea (Middle Cambrian-Upper Ordovician)
          • SIPHONOTRETIDAE
  • Paterinata (Lower Cambrian-Upper Ordovician)
    • PATERINIDA (Lower Cambrian-Upper Ordovician)
        • Paterinoidea (Lower Cambrian-Upper Ordovician)
          • PATERINIDAE
          • CRYPTOTRETIDAE
          • TIANZHUSHANELLIDAE
  • Class uncertain



CRANIIFORMEA (?Lower Cambrian, Middle Cambrian-Present)
  • Craniata (?Lower Cambrian, Middle Cambrian-Present)
    • CRANIOPSIDA (?Lower Cambrian-Lower Carboniferous)
        • Craniopsoidea (?Lower Cambrian, Middle Cambrian-Lower Carboniferous)
          • CRANIOPSIDAE
    • CRANIIDA (? Middle Cambrian, Ordovician-Present)
        • Cranioidea (Lower Ordovician-Present)
          • CRANIIDAE (Ordovician (upper Arenig)-Present)
    • TRIMERELLIDA (Lower Ordovician-upper Silurian)
        • Trimerelloidea (Lower Ordovician-upper Silurian)
          • TRIMERELLIDAE
          • ADENSUIDAE
          • USSUNIIDAE



RHYNCHONELLIFORMEA (Lower Cambrian-Present)
  • Chileata (Lower Cambrian-Upper Permian)
    • CHILEIDA (Lower Cambrian-Middle Cambrian)
    • DICTYONELLIDA (Upper Ordovician-Lower Permian)
        • Eichwaldiodea (Upper Ordovician-Lower Permian)
  • Obolellata (Lower Cambrian-Middle Cambrian)
    • OBOLELLIDA (Lower Cambrian-Middle Cambrian)
    • NAUKATIDA (Lower Cambrian-Middle Cambrian)
        • Naukatoidea (Lower Cambrian-Middle Cambrian)
  • Kutorginata (Lower Cambrian-Middle Cambrian)
    • KUTORGINIDA (Lower Cambrian-Middle Cambrian)
        • Kutorginoidea (Lower Cambrian-Middle Cambrian)
        • Nisusioidea (Lower Cambrian-Middle Cambrian)
  • Strophomenata (MiddleCambrian-Upper Triassic)
    • STROPHOMENIDA (Lower Ordovician-Upper Carboniferous)
        • Strophomenoidea (Lower Ordovician-Upper Carboniferous)
        • Plectambonitoidea (Lower Ordovician-Middle Devonian)
        • Uncertain
    • PRODUCTIDA (Lower Devonian-Upper Permian, ?Lower Triassic)
      • Chonetidina (Upper Ordovician-Lower Triassic)

    ------------------------------ End volume 2 of the Treatise of Invertebrate Paleontology

      • Productidina (Lower Devonian-Upper Permian, ?Lower Triassic)
        • Productoidea (Lower Devonian-Upper Permian, ?Lower Triassic)
        • Echinoconchoidea (Middle Devonian-Upper Permian)
        • Linoproductoidea (Lower Devonian-Upper Permian)
      • Strophalosiidina (Lower Devonian-UpperPermian)
        • Strophalosioidea (Lower Devonian-Upper Permian)
        • Aulostegoidea (Lower Carboniferous-Upper Permian)
        • Richthofenioidea (Upper Carboniferous-Upper Permian)
      • Lyttoniidina (?Lower Carboniferous, Upper Carboniferous-Upper Permian)
        • Lyttonioidea ((?Lower Carboniferous, Upper Carboniferous-Upper Permian)
        • Permianelloidea (Permian)
    • ORTHOTETIDA (Lower Ordovician-Upper Permian)
      • Orthotetidina (Lower Ordovician-Upper Permian)
        • Orthotetoidea (Middle Devonian-Upper Permian)
        • Chilidiopsoidea (Upper Ordovician-Lower Carboniferous)
      • Triplesiidina (Lower Ordovician-upper Silurian)
        • Triplesioidea (Lower Ordovician-upper Silurian)
    • BILLINGSELLIDA (Middle Cambrian-Upper Ordovician)
      • Billingsellidina (Middle Cambrian-Lower Ordovician)
        • Billingselloidea (Middle Cambrian-Lower Ordovician)
      • Clitambonitidina (Ordovician)
        • Clitambonitoidea (Ordovician)
        • Polytoechioidea (Ordovician)

  • Rhynchonellata (Lower Cambrian-Present)
    • PROTORTHIDA (Lower Cambrian-Upper Devonian)
        • Protorthoidea (Lower Cambrian-Middle Cambrian)
        • Skenidoidea (Lower Odovician-Upper Devonian)
    • ORTHIDA (Lower Cambrian-Upper Permian)
      • Orthodina (Lower Cambrian-Lower Devonian)
        • Orthoidea (Middle Cambrian-Lower Devonian)
        • Plectorthoidea (Lower Cambrian-upper Silurian)
      • Dalmanellidina (Lower Cambrian-Upper Permian)
        • Dalmanelloidea (Lower Ordovician-Upper Devonian)
        • Enteletoidea (Lower Ordovician-Upper Permian)
      • Uncertain

    ------------------------------ End volume 3 of the Treatise of Invertebrate Paleontology

    • PENTAMERIDA (? Lower Cambrian, Middle Cambrian-Upper Devonian)
      • Syntrophiidina (? Lower Cambrian, Middle Cambrian-Lower Devonian)
        • Porambonitoidea (? Lower Cambrian, Middle Cambrian-lower Silurian)
          • EOSTROPHIIDAE
          • HUENELLIDAE
          • SYNTROPHIIDAE
          • TETRALOBULIDAE
          • CLARKELLIDAE
          • PORAMBONITIDAE
        • Camerrelloidea (Lower Ordovician-Lower Devonian)
          • CAMERELLIDAE
          • PARASTROPHINIDAE
          • PARALLELELASMATIDAE
      • Pentameridina (Upper Ordovician-Upper Devonian)
        • Pentameroidea (Upper Ordovician-upper Silurian)
          • VIRGIANIDAE
          • PENTAMERIDAE
          • SUBRIANIDAE
        • Stricklandioidea (lower Silurian-upper Silurian)
          • STRICKLANDIIDAE
          • AENIGMASTROPHIIDAE
          • ?STRICKLANDISTROPHIIDAE
        • Gypiduloidea (lower Silurian-Upper Devonian)
          • GYPIDULIDAE
          • ENANTIOSPHENIDAE
        • Clorindoidea (upper Silurian-Middle Devonian)
          • CLORINDIDAE

    • RHYNCHONELLIDA (Lower Ordovician - Present)
        • Ancistrorhynchoidea (Middle Ordovician-Lower Devonian)
          • ANCISTRORHYNCHIDAE
          • SPHENOTRETIDAE
          • OLIGORHYNCHIIDAE
          • NIORHYNICIDAE
        • Rhynchotrematoidea (Upper Ordovician-Lower Carboniferous)
          • RHYNCHOTREMATIDAE
          • TRIGONIRHYNCHIIDAE
          • ORTHORHYNCHULIDAE
          • LEPTOCOELIIDAE
          • MACHAERARIIDAE
          • PHOENICITOECHIIDAE
        • Uncinuloidea (lower Silurian-Upper Devonian)
          • UNCINULIDAE
          • EATONIIDAE
          • HEBETOECHIIDAE
          • OBTURAMENTELLIDAE
          • INNAECHIIDAE
          • GLOSSINOTOECHIIDAE
          • HYPOTHYRIDINIDAE
          • HADRORHYNCHIIDAE
        • Camarotoechioidea (lower Silurian-Lower Carboniferous)
          • CAMAROTOECHIIDAE
          • LEIORHYNCHIDAE
          • SEPTALARIIDAE
        • Pugnacoidea (Lower Devonian - Present)
          • PUGNACIDAE
          • PLECTORHYNCHELLIDAE
          • LADOGIIDAE
          • ROZMANARIIDAE
          • ASEPTIRHYNCHIIDAE
          • PETASMARIIDAE
          • CAMEROPHORINIDAE
          • YUNNANELLIDAE
          • PARANORELLIDAE
          • BASILIOLIDAE
          • ERYMNARIIDAE
        • Stenoscismatoidea (Lower Devonian-Upper Permian)
          • STENOSCISMATIDAE
          • PSILOCAMARIDAE
        • Lambdarinoidea (Upper Devonian-Upper Carboniferous)
          • LAMBDARINIDAE
        • Rhynchoporoidea (Lower Carboniferous-Upper Permian)
          • RHYNCHOPORIDAE
        • Dimerelloidea (Upper Devonian - Present)
        • Rhynchotetradoidea (Upper Devonian-Middle Jurassic)
          • RHYNCHOTETRADIDAE
          • TETRACAMERIDAE
          • ? AUSTRIRHYNCHIIDAE
          • PRIONORHYNCHIIDAE
        • Wellerelloidea (Lower carboniferous-Lower Jurassic)
          • WELLERELLIDAE
          • ALLORHYNCHIDAE
          • PONTISIIDAE
          • PETASMATHERIDAE
          • AMPHIPELLIDAE (N
          • SINORHYNCHIIDAE
        • Rhynchonelloidea (Lower Triassic-Upper Cretaceous)
          • RHYNCHONELLIDAE
          • ACANTHOTHIRIDIDAE
        • Norelloidea (Lower Triassic - Present)
        • Hemithiridoidea (Middle Triassic - Present)
        • Uncertain
    • ATRYPIDA (Lower Ordovician-Upper Devonian)
      • Atrypidina (Upper Ordovician-Upper Devonian)
        • Atrypoidea (Upper Ordovician-Upper Devonian)
          • ATRYPIDAE
          • ATRYPINIDAE
        • Punctarypoidea (lower Silurian-Lower Ordovician)
          • PUNCTATRYPIDAE
      • Anazygidina (Lower Ordovician-upper Silurian)
        • Anazygoidea (Lower Ordovician-upper Silurian)
          • ANAZYGIDAE
      • Davidsoniidina (upper Silurian-Middle Devonian)
        • Davidsonioidea (upper Silurian-Middle Devonian)
          • DAVIDSONIIDAE
          • CARINATINIDAE
        • Palaferelloidea (upper Silurian-Middle Devonian)
          • PALAFERELLIDAE
          • KARPINSKIIDAE
          • SYMMATRYPIDAE
      • Lissatrypidina (?Lower Ordovician-Upper Devonian)
        • Lissatrypoidea (?Middle Ordovician, Upper Ordovician-Upper Devonian)
          • LISSATRYPIDAE
          • SEPTATRYPIDAE
        • Glassioidea(Silurian-Upper Devonian)
          • GLASSIIDAE
        • Protozygoidea (Ordovician-Silurian)
          • PROTOZYGIDAE
          • CYCLOSPIRIDAE
    • ATHYRIDIDA (Upper Ordovician-Lower Jurassic)
      • Athyrididina (Upper Ordovician-Upper Triassic, ?Upper Jurassic)
        • Athyridoidea (lower Silurian-Upper Triassic, ?Upper Jurassic)
          • ATHYRIDIDAE
          • DIPLOSPIRELLIDAE
          • HYATTIDINIDAE
        • Meristelloidea (Upper Ordovician-Lower Carboniferous)
          • MERISTELLIDAE
          • MERISTIDAE
          • TRIATHYRIDIDAE
        • Nucleospiroidea (?Upper Ordovician, lower Silurian- Lower Permian)
          • NUCLEOSPIRIDAE
        • Retzielloidea (lower Silurian- Lower Devonian)
          • RETZIELLIDAE
        • Uncertain
          • UNCERTAIN
      • Retziidina (lower Silurian-Upper Triassic)
        • Retzioidea (lower Silurian-Upper Triassic)
          • RETZIIDAE
          • NEORETZIIDAE
        • Mongolospiroidea (Lower Devonian)
          • MONGOLOSPIRIDAE
        • Rhynchospirinoidea (lower Silurian-Middle Devonian)
          • RHYNCHOSPIRINIDAE
          • PARAZYGIDAE
      • Koninckinidina (Middle Triassic-Lower Jurassic)
        • Koninckinoidea (Middle Triassic-Lower Jurassic)
          • KONINCKINIDAE
      • Uncertain
        • Dayioidea ( Silurian-Lower Devonian)
          • DAYIIDAE
        • Anoplothecoidea (Silurian-Middle Devonian)
          • ANOPLOTHECIDAE
          • KAYSERIIDAE
          • UNCERTAIN
        • Uncitoidea (Middle Devonian)
          • UNCITIDAE

    ------------------------------ End volume 4 of the Treatise of Invertebrate Paleontology

    • SPIRIFERIDA (Upper Ordovician-Upper Permian)
      • Spriferidina (Upper Ordovician-Upper Permian)
        • Cyrtioidea (Upper Ordovician-Lower Devonian)
          • CYRTIIDAE
          • HEDEINOPSIDAE
        • Adolfioidea (Silurian-Upper Devonian)
          • ADOLDIFIIDAE
          • ECHINOSPIRIFERIDAE
        • Theodossioidea (Lower Devonian-Lower Carboniferous, ?Upper Carboniferous)
          • THEODOSSIIDAE
          • ULBOSPIRIFERIDAE
          • PALAEOCHORISTITIDAE
        • Cyrtospiriferoidea (Lower-Upper Devonian)
          • SPINOCYRTIIDAE
          • CYRTOSPIRIFERIDAE
        • Ambocoelioidea (upper Silurian-Upper Permian)
          • AMBOCOELIIDAE
          • LAZUTKINIIDAE
          • EUDOXINIDAE
          • VERNEUILIIDAE
        • Martinioidea (upper Silurian-Upper Permian)
          • TENELLODERMIDAE
          • ELYTHYNIDAE
          • MARTINIIDAE
          • CRASSUMBIDAE
          • INGELARELLIDAE
          • GERKISPIRIDAE
          • PERISSOTHYRIDIDAE
        • Spiriferoidea (Upper Devonian-Upper Permian)
          • SPIRIFERIDAE
          • CHORISTITIDAE
          • IMBREXIIDAE
          • TRIGONOTRETIDAE
          • SPIRIFERELLIDAE
        • Brachythyridoidea (Lower Devonian-Upper Permian)
          • BRACHYTHYRIDIDAE
          • SKELIDORYGMIDAE
        • Paekelmanelloidea (Upper Devonian-Upper Permian)
          • PAECKELMANELLIDAE
          • STROPHOPLEURIDAE
      • Delthyridina (lower Silurian-Upper Permian.
        • Delthyridoidea (lower Silurian-Middle Devonian)
          • DELTHYRIDIDAE
          • DELTHYRIDIDAE
          • HYSTEROLITIDAE
          • ACROSPIRIFERIDAE
          • CYRTINOPSIDAE
          • MUCROSPIRIFERIDAE
        • Reticularioidea (lower Silurian-Upper Permian)
          • RETICULARIIDAE
          • XENOMARTINIIDAE
          • THOMASARIIDAE
          • ELYTHIDAE
        • uncertain
    • SPIRIFERINIDA (Lower Devonian-Lower Jurassic)
      • Cyrtinidina (Lower Devonian-Lower Jurassic)
        • Cyrtinoidea (Lower Devonian-Lower Carboniferous)
          • CYRTINIDAE
          • KOMIELLIDAE
        • Suessioidea (Lower Carboniferous-Lower Jurassic)
          • DAVIDSONINIDAE
          • LABALLIDAE
          • BITTNERULIDAE
          • SUESSIIDAE
        • Spondylospiroidea (Upper Triassic)
          • SPONDYLOSPIRIDAE
          • RASTELLIGERIDAE
        • Pennospiriferinoidea (Upper Devonian-Lower Jurassic)
          • PUNCTOSPIRIFERIDAE
          • SPIROPUNCTIFERIDAE
          • RETICULARIINIDAE
          • PARASPIRIFERINIDAE
          • SPIRIFERELLINIDAE
          • SARGANOSTEGIDAE
          • BALATONOSPIRIDAE
          • PENNOSPIRIFERINIDAE
          • LEPISMATINIDAE
        • Syringothyridoidea (Upper Devonian-Lower Permian)
          • SYRINGOTHYRIDIDAE
          • DIMEGELASMIDAE
          • LICHAREWIIDAE
        • Spiriferinoidea (Middle Triassic-Lower Jurassic)
          • SPIRIFERINIDAE
          • SINUCOSTIDAE

    • THECIDEIDA (Upper Triassic - Present)
      • Thecideidina (Upper Triassic - Present)
        • Thecospiroidea (Upper Triassic)
          • THECOSPIRIDAE
          • THECOSPIRELLIDAE
          • HUNGARITHECIDAE
        • Thecideoidea (Upper Triassic-Present)

    • TEREBRATULIDA (Lower Devonian - Present)
      • Centronellidina (Lower Devonian-Upper Permian)
        • Stryingocephaloidea (Lower Devonian-Upper Permian)
          • CENTRONELLIDAE
          • STRINGOCEPHALIDAE
          • MEGANTERIDIDAE
          • RHIPIDOTHYRIDIDAE
      • Terebratulidina (Lower Devonian-Present)
        • Dielasmatoidea (Lower Devonian-Lower Jurassic)
          • DIELASMATIDAE
          • HETERELASMINIDAE
          • BEECHERIIDAE
          • GILLEDIIDAE
          • PSEUDODIELASMATIDAE
          • ANGUSTOTHYRIDIDAE
          • ANTEZEILLERIDAE
          • ZUG
          • JUVAVELLIDAE
          • UNCERTAIN
        • Cryptonelloidea (Lower Devonian - Lower Triassic)
          • CRANAENIDAE
          • NOTOTHYRIDIDAE
          • LABAIIDAE
          • CRYPTONELLIDAE
          • CIMICINELLIDAE
          • UNCERTAIN
        • Terebratuloidea (Upper Triassic - Present)
          • TEREBRATULIDAE
          • SELLITHYRIDIDAE
          • CAPILLITHYRIDIDAE
          • WEBERITHYRIDIDAE
          • GIBBITHYRIDIDAE
          • UNCERTAIN
        • Loboidothyridoidea (Lower Triassic - Lower Cretaceous) - ???
          • LOBOIDOTHYRIDIDAE
          • PLECTOCONCHIDAE
          • TRIADITHYRIDIDAE
          • BOREIOTHYRIDIDAE
          • CHEIROTHYROPSIDAE
          • CHENIOTHYRIDIDAE
          • DICTYOTHYRIDIDAE
          • DIENOPIDAE
          • HESPERITHYRIDIDAE
          • LISSAJOUSITHYRIDIDAE
          • LOBOTHYRIDIDAE
          • MUIRWOODELLIDAE
          • POSTEPITHYRIDIDAE
          • TCHEGEMTHYRIDIDAE
          • TEGULITHYRIDIDAE
          • ALABUSHEVOTHYRIDIDAE
          • CLATHRITHYRIDIDAE
          • HARPOTOTHYRIDIDAE
          • MAMETOTHYRIDIDAE
          • SPASSKOTHYRIDIDAE
          • TRIGONITHYRIDIDAE
          • UNCERTAIN
          • UNCERTAIN
        • Dyscolioidea (Lower Jurassic - Present)
        • Cancellothyroidea (Lower Jurassic - Present)
      • Terebratellidina (Triassic - Present)
      • UNCERTAIN
        • Gwynioidea (Lower Jurassic - Present)
        • Superfamily UNCERTAIN
          • OBOLORUGIDAE
          • MONGOLELLIDAE
          • LIOSOMENIIDAE

------------------------------ End volume 5 of the Treatise of Invertebrate Paleontology