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LINGULIDAE

Sous-embranchement (subphylum) des Linguliformea
Classe des Lingulata
Ordre des Lingulida
Super-famille des Linguloidea

 
 
 
 

 

   Famille LINGULIDAE Menke, 1828   

[nom. correct. Gray, 1840, p. 155, pro Lingulaceae Menke, 1828, p. 56, nom. imperf.]

Shell elongate oval to subrectangular, gently and subequally biconvex, subequivalved; lateral margins generally subparallel.
Ventral valve with wide triangular pedicle groove and lateral vestigial propareas.
Dorsal valve with posterior margin rounded, with a more or less developed median beak; anterior adductor and anterior oblique muscle scars closely spaced.
Asymmetrical muscle system with internal oblique muscles; unpaired posterior adductor muscle; pedicle nerve curving around posterior adductor muscle.
Mantle canal system bifurcate; vascula lateralia of both valves converging anteriorly to become subparallel; vascula media absent.
Long flexible pedicle; lophophore spirolophous, with apices of spires directed medially.

Diagnosis from Emig (2003)

Middle Ordovician - Present


NOTA : Les diagnoses des espèces de lingulides (en français avec une traduction en anglais en cours) ayant été publiées, il est donc obligatoire pour tout usage d'en citer les sources.
The French original diagnoses of the lingulide species will be translated in English, these diagnoses have been published in the references given below - please you need to inform about when using a diagnosis.

  • Emig C. C., 1982. Taxonomie du genre Lingula (Brachiopodes, Inarticulés). Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. nat. Paris, (4) 4 (Sect. A) (3/4), 337-367.

  • Emig C. C., 1983. Taxonomie du genre Glottidia (Brachiopodes, Inarticulés). Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. nat. Paris, (4) 5 (Sect.4) (2), 469-489.

  • Egorov A. N. & L. E. Popov, 1990. A new genus of lingulid from the Early Permian layers of the Siberian platform (in Russian). Paleont. Zhurn., 1990 (4), 111-115.

  • Emig C. C. & J. A. Vargas, 1990. Notes on Glottidia audebarti (Broderip) (Brachiopoda, Lingulidae) from the Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. trop., 38 (2A), 251-258.

  • Biernat G. & C. C. Emig, 1993. Anatomical distinctions of the Mesozoic lingulide brachiopods. Acta Palaeont. Pol., 38 (1/2), 1-20.
     
  • Emig C. C., 1997 in: Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (R. L. Kaesler, ed.), Part H.  Brachiopoda.  Geological Society of America and University of Kansas, Boulder, Colorado, and Lawrence,  Kansas, Vol. 1, 473-502.

  • Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (R. L. Kaesler, ed.), 2000. Part H.  Brachiopoda.  Geological Society of America and University of Kansas, Boulder, Colorado, and Lawrence,  Kansas, Vol. 2.

  • Smirnova T. N. & G. T. Ushatinskaya, 2001. New lingulids (Brachiopoda) from the Lower Cretaceous of European Russia, with notes in the microstructure of their shells. Paleont. J., 35 (4), 387-395.

  • Emig C. C., 2003. Proof that Lingula (Brachiopoda) is not a living-fossil, and emended diagnoses of the Family Lingulidae. Carnets de Géologie/Notebooks on Geology, Letter 2003/01, (CG2003_L01_CCE)    and    

  • Emig C. C. & M. A. Bitner, 2005. The brachiopod Lingula in the Middle Miocene of the Central Paratethys. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 50 (1), 181-184.    and    

  • Emig C. C. & M. A. Bitner, 2005. Glottidia (Brachiopoda: Lingulidae) from the Eocene La Meseta Formation, Seymour Island, Antarctica. Palaeontology, 48 (2), 1-9.

  • Emig C. C. & Z. Herrera, 2006. Dignomia munsterii (Brachiopoda, Lingulata) from the Ordovician of Bolivia, with redescription of the genus. Geodiversitas, 28 (2), 227-237.   

  • Peng Y. & Shi G.R., 2008. New Early Triassic Lingulidae (Brachiopoda) genera and species from South China. Alcheringa, 32 (2), 149-170.

  • Archbold N.W., Cisterna G.A. & A. F. Sterren, 2005. Lingulida (Brachiopoda) from the early Permian of Argentina. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 117 (2), 307-317.

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    Genus Lingula Bruguière, 1791 (not 1797)
     

    Genus Glottidia Dall, 1870
     

    Genus Lingularia Biernat & Emig, 1993
     

    Genus Credolingula Smirnova & Ushatinskaya, 2001
     

    Genus Dignomia Hall, 1871
     

    Genus Sinolingularia Peng & Shi, 2008
     

    Genus Sinoglottidia Peng & Shi, 2008
     

    Genus Argentiella Archbold, Cisterna & Sterren, 2005
     

    Genus Semilingula Egorov & Popov, 1990
     

    Genus ? Apsilingula Williams, 1977
     

    Genus ? Baroisella Hall & Clark 1892
     

    Genus ? Langella Mendes, 1961
     


    Lingulide muscle arrangement